Full Spectrum CBD 101
In one of our recent blogs we looked at the difference between CBD (from isolate) and Full Spectrum CBD. Within full spectrum CBD there is far more than just the one component, which is why it is deemed more powerful. Here we are going to look deeper into these components.
Before we delve into the science behind CBD it is worth noting the legality and rules surrounding this natural wonder. Since 2020, CBD products are now legal in the UK as long as they contain no more than 0% - 0.2% THC. THC is still very much illegal in the UK but CBD is non-psychoactive, which means that it will not change a person's mental state to create any sort of ‘high’.
CBD sales in the UK are regulated by the ‘Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency’, this is the Government body that eventually creates medical licenses in order to be able to legally consult substances for medical benefit. Until this license is finalised, CBD oil and CBD products are in a grey area. They are legal to sell, purchase and use, but no one is legally able to claim medical benefit or consult you as to why or how you should use them.
That being said, let’s look into components of full spectrum cbd oil and see what we can discover
CBD and Full Spectrum CBD both work in synergy in humans because we have an endocannabinoid system present within our physiology. This means we have naturally occurring receptors especially to receive and process cannabinoids, such as CBD. We will look at our Endocannabinoid System in more depth in a future blog. There are over 113 molecules within a CBD Full Spectrum Oil, some more researched than others, here are the top 5 and also a look into Terpenes.
The one we all know and love, Cannabidiol is the fascinating therapeutic molecule that we are most familiar with. Pre-licence studies have linked CBD use to various therapeutic actions such as:
- Analgesic (pain killing) - Anti-Inflammatory - Anti-emetic (anti-vomit) - Anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) - Appetite stimulant - Anti-proliferative (inhibits tumour cell growth) - Palliative benefits.
The next molecule in the Full Spectrum family is Cannabigerol, this is the third most common in the plant after THC and CBD. Pre-licence studies have linked CBG use to various therapeutic actions such as: - Analgesic - Anti-Inflammatory - Antiseptic - Appetite stimulant.
Introducing Cannabichromene, interestingly this molecule doesn’t react with the typical endocannabinoid receptors but instead, the TRP channels! Transient Receptor Potential channels are embedded in each of your cells individual membranes and are activated by specific factors, such as body temperature or energy change. When activated, the TRP channels open, allowing vital regulating elemental ions such as sodium or magnesium to flow into the cell. Pre-licence studies have linked CBC to various therapeutic actions such as: - Antibacterial - Antifungal - Analgesic - Anti-Inflammatory - Anti-depressant.
No not the Christian Broadcast News channel nor the Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN aka Cannabinol is the molecule that has been linked to inducing the feeling of sedation with a soporific effect, so says pre-licence studies. This particular molecule is much more potent when ingested rather than inhaled. Naturally this sedation effect is creating relaxation where there was tension, in order to induce sleepiness.
Our last of the most common molecules Cannabidivarin, this is the component that pre-licensed studies have shown works well as an anticonvulsant and therefore could potentially be used to be effective in disorders such as epilepsy.
In our last blogs we have learnt about the benefits of CBD for humans but what about our four-legged friends? CBD can be just as an effective treatment for them, for a variety of reasons. Got a dog or a cat? Read on…